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IPM Standards for School Buildings Bibliography

 

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Introduction & Appendices - HTML Format
Part I. IPM Standards for School Buildings - HTML Format
Part II. IPM Standards for School Grounds - HTML Format

 


Links and Resources - HTML Format


IPM Standards Fact Sheet/Handout - PDF Format (2 pages, 191 KB)

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Want information on IPM in schools? Visit the school IPM headlines page.

 

Pest-Specific Links & Resources Contents

Pest-Specific Links & Resources

School Intro I School Buildings I School Grounds I School Links  
School Appendices
Scorecard for School Buildings | Scorecard for Pest-Specific IPM Practices | Scorecard for School Grounds | Scorecard for Turf Cultural Management | Scorecard for Plant- and Pest-Specific IPM Practices

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Ant Management

Ant IPM Tip!

"Proper identification is the most important skill to master, for without the identity of the target ant, one will not know its habits, and therefore, where to look for its nest location. Not locating ant colonies is the primary cause of ant control failures."

- Excerpt from Hedges, 1997

Ants. In The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/biology/
ipm/manual/ants.cfm

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 5. IPM for ants in schools. Pp. 27-34. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. US EPA. Line drawings, identification, communication, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-5.pdf (PDF)

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests in Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/menu.homegarden.html 

Hedges, S. A., 1992. Field Guide for the Management of Structure-Infesting Ants. 155 pp.  Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management. Available from Amazon.com or from Franzak & Foster Co., Cleveland, OH. Phone (800) 456-0707.

Hedges, S. A., 1997. Chapter 12. Ants. Pp. 503-589. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management. Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Ants.  Pp. 21-23.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and nonchemical measure to prevent ant invasions.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

Illinois Pest Control Association, Illinois Department of Human Health, Structural Pest Control Advisory Council and University of Illinois Extension.  1999.  A Practical Guide to Management of Common Pests in School.  3-part guide designed to assist Illinois school officials.  Part One gives a definition of IPM.  Part Two includes five steps in how to build an IPM program.  Part Three provides pest-specific IPM practices for schools.  These pest-specific practices include cockroaches, pantry pests, ants, spiders, bees, termites, ants, mice and lice.  Available in PDF format at 
http://www.idph.state.il.us /envhealth/pdf/schoolpests.pdf

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Ant IPM checklist, ant trails fact sheet, downloadable presentation (html, Acrobat or Powerpoint) on IPM for ants in schools. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/pres_pst.htm

Maine Cooperative Extension.  2002.  Ch. 12 Ants.  Pp. 94-97.  In Outdoor Integrated Pest Management for Maine Schools.  Available in PDF format or for order at http://pmo.umext.maine.edu/patrain/Maine_School_IPM.pdf

New Jersey Environmental Federation.  2003.  Protecting Our Homes, Our Schools, Our Children: Basic Steps to Indoor Pest Control Without Pesticides.  12-page document includes information on fleas, mosquitoes, rats and mice, ants and roaches. 

Stauffer et al., 1998. Ants. Pp. 4-21 to 4-27. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools. Biology, identification, monitoring, management. Available at 
http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/schoolwkbk.pdf (PDF)

University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 2006. Managing Ants Safely in and Around Schools.  Online module detailing identification and treatment. Available at
http://schoolipm.unl.edu/ipmmodules/AntsIPMS2low.htm. Also available in high resolution at http://schoolipm.unl.edu/ipmmodules/ 

University of Florida. 2006. Pest Ants. A poster that provides identification of 10 different pest ant species, organized by habitat. Available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_
Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+407&Category_Code=HCPS.

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Bird Management
Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Technical information on non-pesticidal products for bird management. 

National Audubon Society. Available at http://www.audubon.org/

Stauffer et al., 1998. Birds. Pp. 4-31 to 4-33. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools. Identification, biology, management. Available at http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/files/schoolwkbk.pdf (PDF)

Timm, R.M. and R.E. Marsh, 1997. Chapter 21. Vertebrate Pests. Pp. 955-1019. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management of sparrows, pigeons, starlings and woodpeckers.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Office of Migratory Bird Management. Conservation, monitoring, regulations pertaining to migratory birds, including links to educational and other bird-related Web sites. Available at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/

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Cockroach Management

A Cockroach a Day...

"In an 1886 issue of the New York Tribune, the curious medical practices in Louisiana were described. These included the prescribing of cockroach tea for tetanus, supplemented by a poultice of boiled roaches over the wound. The Blattaria were also fried in oil with garlic -- a time-honored treatment for indigestion. Years later, the legendary New Orleans jazz singer Louis Armstrong recalled being served a broth made from several boiled roaches, whenever he was ill. Whether this treatment soothed or caused Armstrong's gravelly voice has yet to be resolved."

- Excerpt from "The Compleat Cockroach" by David Gordon, Ten Speed Press

Benson, E. P. and P. A. Zungoli, 1997. Chapter 3. Cockroaches. Pp. 122-203. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 6. IPM for cockroaches in schools. Pp. 35-48. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, communication, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/
schoolipm/chap-6.pdf
(PDF)

EPA Region 5, 2009. Get Rid of Roaches Brochure. English (PDF). Spanish (PDF).

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests in Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management.  Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/menu.homegarden.html 

Gordon, D. G., 1996. The Compleat Cockroach: A Comprehensive Guide to the Most Despised (and Least Understood) Creature on Earth. 192 pp. ISBN 0898158532. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA. Phone (510) 559-1600. More information at http://www.davidgeorgegordon.com/roaches.htm

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Cockroaches.  Pp. 28-33.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and ways in which to inspect, monitor and manage cockroaches in schools.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

Illinois Pest Control Association, Illinois Department of Human Health, Structural Pest Control Advisory Council and University of Illinois Extension.  1999.  A Practical Guide to Management of Common Pests in School.  3-part guide designed to assist Illinois school officials.  Part One gives a definition of IPM.  Part Two includes five steps in how to build an IPM program.  Part Three provides pest-specific IPM practices for schools.  These pest-specific practices include cockroaches, pantry pests, ants, spiders, bees, termites, ants, mice and lice.  Available in PDF format at 
http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/pdf/schoolpests.pdf
.   

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Technical information on non-pesticidal products for cockroach management, inspection, identification, monitoring, identification, downloadable presentation (html, Acrobat or Powerpoint) on IPM for cockroaches in schools. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/pres_pst.htm

New Jersey Environmental Federation.  2003.  Protecting Our Homes, Our Schools, Our Children: Basic Steps to Indoor Pest Control Without Pesticides.  12-page document includes information on fleas, mosquitoes, rats and mice, ants and roaches. 

Ogg, B., D. Ferraro and C. Ogg.  1996.  Cockroach Control Manual.  University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension.  Color images of adults and egg cases, identification, biology, least-risk management, public health issues. Available at http://pested.unl.edu/pesticide/pages/index.jsp?what=pageObjD&pageObjId=106

Safer Pest Control Project.  IPM for Roaches.  Available at http://www.spcpweb.org/resources/#publications 

Stauffer et al., 1998. Cockroaches. Pp. 4-4 to 4-9. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools. Biology, identification, monitoring, management. Available at 
http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/schoolwkbk.pdf (PDF)

University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 2006. Cockroach Management.  Online module details species' needs, signs of infestation, biology, and control tactics.  Available at http://schoolipm.unl.edu/ipmmodules/roacheslow.htm.  A high resolution version is available at http://schoolipm.unl.edu/ipmmodules/.  

University of Florida. 2006. Cockroach Nymphs and Cockroaches. Two cockroach posters: the first details nymphal stages of 11 different cockroach species, and the second shows 12 cockroach species, some with egg cases and male/female pairs. The first is available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+416&Category_Code=HCPS.
The second is available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+402&Category_Code=HCPS

CASE STUDY: Cockroaches at Peabody Charter School

"Cockroaches have been a perpetual problem at Peabody Charter School. Teachers reported flicking on the lights at night and having to tiptoe through the swarming insects. To control the roaches, teachers either sprayed with neurotoxic pesticide or stepped on them. Like many old Santa Barbara schools, the problem was one of habitat, not sanitation. Basically, the occupants maintained a very high tolerance for the pests. 

Identification: The insect was identified by the Agricultural Commissioner's office as the Oriental Cockroach (Blatta orientalis). 

Information: Research indicated the preferred habitat is low, moist, dark areas, and revealed that Oriental roaches do not like to climb. This information alone allowed the IPM team to limit its time and materials to areas of preferred habitat, and prevented unnecessary action in areas of greater human activity, such as countertops. 

Observation and Record Keeping: Monitoring traps were placed broadly throughout the building to show areas of high pest activity and direction of travel. This narrowed the treatment area yet further, and prevented unnecessary pesticide applications. 

Action: Treatments were made with caulk, low toxicity baits placed in inaccessible areas, and a very light dusting of boric acid in inaccessible voids. 

Evaluation and Modification: Continued monitoring aided in refinement of bait station placement. Roach numbers dropped from an average of 8.25 (and a high of 20) per trap before treatment, to an average of 3.3 six weeks after initial treatment. This number dropped even further 12 weeks after treatment to an average 0.5 per trap. Traps were monitored on 14-day cycles, with the number of traps reduced after treatment, based on need. One year after treatment, cockroach populations continue to be suppressed."

- Excerpt from Reducing Pesticides in Schools: How Two Elementary Schools Control Common Pests Using IPM Strategies, To request a copy, contact 930 Miramonte Drive, Santa Barbara, CA 93109, Phone: (805) 963-0583, Fax: (805) 962-9080, Email 

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Flea Management

Flea bit...

So, naturalists observe, a flea 
Hath smaller fleas that on him prey; 
And these have smaller still to bite 'em; 
And so proceed ad infinitum. 
Thus every poet in his kind, 
Is bit by him that comes behind.

- Jonathan Swift

Brammer, Angela.  2002. "Fleas: Avoiding their bites" Fact Sheet.  The University of Florida School IPM website has press releases on fleas (1 page, 2/3 page, 1/3 page) in both HTML and Word formats for available for downloading and using in school district or other newsletters.  Contains information on transmission, biology, prevention and management of fleas.  Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/pres_art.htm.

Casey, C., 1998. Fleas. In The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual, T. Cacek, ed. Identification, biology, management. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/biology/ipm/manual/fleas.cfm

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 8. IPM for fleas in schools. Pp. 27-34. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-8.pdf (PDF)

Dryden, M. W., 1997. Chapter 16. Fleas. Pp. 747-770. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests in Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/menu.homegarden.html 

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Technical information on non-pesticidal products for flea management. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/tp.htm

New Jersey Environmental Federation.  2003.  Protecting Our Homes, Our Schools, Our Children: Basic Steps to Indoor Pest Control Without Pesticides.  12-page document includes information on fleas, mosquitoes, rats and mice, ants and roaches. 

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Fly, Gnat and Midge Management
Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 9. IPM for flies in schools. Pp. 63-70. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, communication, monitoring, management. Available at 
http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-9.pdf
(PDF)

Dame, D.A. and T.R. Fasulo, eds.,  2000.  Flies.  16 pp.   Limited line drawings, description, biology, monitoring, management of flies associated with public health issues.  Available at http://vector.ifas.ufl.edu/chapter_06.htm

Ehmann, N.R., 1997. Chapter 7. Flies, gnats and midges. Pp. 773-834. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management. Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests in Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Line drawings, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/menu.homegarden.html 

Genetics Society of America. 1997. Flybase Web Site. Curriculum aid: B&W photos, line art, advanced genetics of Drosophila fruit flies. Available at http://flybase.org/

Hedges, S.A., 1993. Field Guide for the Management of Structure-Infesting Flies. 151 pp. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management.  Available from Amazon.com or from Franzak & Foster Co., Cleveland, OH. Phone (800) 456-0707.

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Flies.  Pp. 34-36.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and ways in which to inspect, monitor and manage flies in schools.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

Hoover, A. 2002. Deer Flies A Biting Problem? Oddly, Trolling May Be Just the Ticket. University of Florida Pest Alert site. http://pestalert.ifas.ufl.edu/deerflies.htm

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Technical information on non-pesticidal products for fly, gnat and midge management. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/tp.htm

Maine Cooperative Extension.  2002.  Chpt. 11 Flies and Mosquitoes.  Pp. 88-93.  In Outdoor Integrated Pest Management for Maine Schools. Available in PDF format or for order at http://pmo.umext.maine.edu/patrain/Maine_School_IPM.pdf

Stauffer et al., 1998. Flies. Pp. 4-28 to 4-30. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools. Biology, identification, monitoring, management. Available at 
http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/schoolwkbk.pdf (PDF)

University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 2006. Fly Management: Sanitation and Preventing Entry are Keys to Management.  Online module includes biology, species identification, prevention, and mechanical controls.  Available at http://schoolipm.unl.edu/ipmmodules/FliesIPMS2low.htm. A high resolution version is available at http://schoolipm.unl.edu/ipmmodules/  

University of Florida. 2006. Filth-Breeding Flies. A poster of 13 different flies, organized by habitat.  Available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+408&Category_Code=HCPS

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Head Lice  Management
Caffrey, D., P. Girouard, and K. Tucker, 1998. Yikes-Lice! Head lice infestation and treatment explained in rhyme, aimed towards readers of ages 4 to 8. 32 pp. Albert Whitman & Co. ISBN: 0807593745.

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 10. IPM for head lice in schools. Pp. 81-85. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, communication, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-10.pdf (PDF)

Duxbury Public Schools. Head lice information (Pediculosis). Available at: http://www.duxbury.k12.ma.us/cms/lib2/MA01001583/Centricity/
Domain/86/Head%20Lice%20Information.pdf

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests in Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/menu.homegarden.html 

Guillebeau and Van De Mark. 2002. A Parent's Guide to the 'Nitty Gritty' About Head Lice and A School's Guide to the 'Nitty Gritty' About Head Lice both available online from the School IPM Website.  The 2-page brochures take a look at "the basics" and "the facts" of head lice, prevention of head lice and removal.  The brochures are available under Technical Information, Pests or Latest Additions.  Direct links are available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/doc/headliceparents.pdf and http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/doc/headliceschools.pdf. 

Hedges, S.A., 1997. Chapter 15. Lice, pp. 731-745. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Head Lice.  Pp. 37-38.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and ways in which to inspect, prevent and manage head lice in schools.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

Illinois Pest Control Association, Illinois Department of Human Health, Structural Pest Control Advisory Council and University of Illinois Extension.  1999.  A Practical Guide to Management of Common Pests in School.  3-part guide designed to assist Illinois school officials.  Part One gives a definition of IPM.  Part Two includes five steps in how to build an IPM program.  Part Three provides pest-specific IPM practices for schools.  These pest-specific practices include cockroaches, pantry pests, ants, spiders, bees, termites, ants, mice and lice.  Available in PDF format at 
http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/pdf/schoolpests.pdf
.  

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Color photos, frequently asked questions, sample head lice notification letters, biology and control of head lice, downloadable presentation (html, Acrobat or Powerpoint) on IPM for head lice in schools. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/pres_pst.htm

Michigan Department of Community Health and Michigan Department of Education, 2004. Michigan: Head lice manual. Available at: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/Final_Michigan_Head_Lice_Manual_103750_7.pdf

National Pediculosis Association. Information about head lice and scabies management, catalog or related products and information. National Pediculosis Association, Inc., PO Box 610189, Newton MA 02461. Phone (781) 449-6487, FAX (781) 449-8129. Available at http://www.headlice.org/

National Pediculosis Association.  Information about lindane, including health effects, ecotoxicity, labels and MSDS sheets, legislation banning/restricting its use.  National Pediculosis Association, Inc., PO Box 610189, Newton MA 02461. Phone (781) 449-6487, FAX (781) 449-8129. Available at http://www.lindane.org/

Pollack, Richard J.  Harvard School of Public Health.  Head Lice Information.  Comprehensive website that answers many questions about and related to head lice including removal methods.  Available at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/headlice.html 

Stauffer et al., 1998. Lice. Pp. 4-34 to 4-36. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools. Biology, identification, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/schoolwkbk.pdf (PDF)

Udin, Zaf, 2012. Pulse Uniform. Medical resource guide: Checking and Treating for head lice. Available at: http://www.pulseuniform.com/treating-head-lice.asp

University of Nebraska-Lincoln.  2003.  Removing Head Lice Safely Video.  8-minute video covers all aspects of head lice management, highlighting live lice (highly magnified), nits (lice eggs), inspection, treatments and prevention.  Each video tape comes with the reproducible fact sheet and quick guides.  Available in English, Arabic and Spanish.  To request a brochure/order form by mail or fax, or for prices on shipping outside the United States or Canada, call 402-441-7180 or email.

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Microbial Pest Management

The Microbe

The Microbe is so very small 
You cannot make him out at all, 
But many sanguine people hope 
To see him down a microscope. 
His jointed tongue that lies beneath 
A hundred curious rows of teeth; 
His seven tufted tails with lots 
Of lovely pink and purple spots, 
On each of which a pattern stands, 
Composed of forty separate bands; 
His eyebrows of a tender green; 
All these have never yet been seen - 
But scientists, who ought to know, 
Assure us they must be so ... 
Oh! Let us never, never doubt 
What nobody is sure about!

- H. Belloc, More Beasts for Worse Children, Duckworth, London.

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 1999. BioAerosols: Assessment and Control. 200 pp. Sampling, prevention, remediation of microbial pests, including dust mites and antigens. Available from Kemper Woods Center, 1330 Kemper Meadow Drive, Cincinnati OH 45240-1634. Phone (513) 742-6163, FAX (513) 742-3355, Email. More information at http://www.acgih.org

City of Santa Monica CA, 1998. Custodial Products Bid Specifications. 6 pp. Details on criteria used by the City to evaluate custodial/maintenance products. Prospective suppliers are required to submit a complete information package on each product. Available at http://www.p2pays.org/ref/17/16784.htm

Cokendopher, J.C. and J.F. Haukos, eds., 1996.  The Practical Application of Disinfection and Sterilization in Health Care Facilities.  250 pp.  American Society for Healthcare Environmental Services (ASHES) of the American Hospital Association (AHA).  Thorough explanation in non-technical terms of when, where and how disinfection and sterilization should occur, choosing materials, chemical profiles, regulatory agencies, contacts, etc.  More information available at https://www.associationstores.org/OA_HTML/ibeCCtpItmDspRte.jsp?a=b&item=159

Culver, A., et. al.  2002.  Cleaning for Health: Products and Practices for a Safer Indoor Environment.  This report is a guide to environmentally preferable cleaning products and methods that have been effectively used in office buildings, schools, hospitals and other facilities in the United States and Canada. It describes pioneering product evaluation programs and lists the brands that were chosen based on environmental and performance criteria. It also provides a model specification, as well as manufacturer contacts and other resources for those who want to develop a safer cleaning program for their buildings. 86 pp document available for order at http://www.informinc.org/cleanforhealth.php.  Price is $30, $15 for government or non-profit use.  

Dickey, P. Safer Cleaning Products. Washington Toxics Coalition Fact Sheet. 4 pp. Available at http://www.watoxics.org/files/cleaningproducts.pdf (PDF)

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Microbial Pests.  Pp. 43-44.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and ways in which to manage microbial pests in schools.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

New York State Association for Superintendents of School Buildings and Grounds.  1999.  Healthier Cleaning & Maintenance: Practices and Products for Schools.  8-page paper provides checklist for prevention of dirt and grime and discusses tips on purchasing environmentally preferable cleaning products, including a checklist of human health and environmental considerations. Final sections cover vendor, price and performance considerations. To order, mail The Healthy Schools Network, 773 Madison Avenue, Albany, NY 12210; Tel: 518-462-0632 or visit http://www.healthyschools.org/clearinghouse.html

Petruzzi, M., 1998.  Choose Green Report: General Purpose Cleaners.  8 pp.  Green Seal.  How to identify cleaning products with reduced risks to health and the environment including ingredients to avoid, list of recommended products by brand name.  Available at http://www.pca.state.mn.us/oea/lc/greenseal/cgr_9803.pdf

US EPA.  2000.  Antimicrobial Pesticide Web Site.  Antimicrobial science, registration policy, label review manual.  http://www.epa.gov/oppad001/

US EPA.  2002.  "A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture, and Your Home."  The guide provides information and guidance for homeowners and renters on how to clean up residential mold problems and how to prevent mold growth.  Available in HTML and PDF (278 KB file size) formats at http://www.epa.gov/iaq/molds/index.html.  The printed version is also available from IAQINFO and NSCEP.  [EPA 402-K-02-003] 

US EPA.  Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Database: Cleaning supplies and equipment. Links to contract language, voluntary product standards or guidelines and additional information on cleaners, deodorizers, detergents, finishes, paint removers, polishes and other cleaning products.  Includes program contacts, methodology and attributes (e.g., biodegradability, emissions, health impacts, packaging, etc.) http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/ 

US EPA.  2003  Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings Web Site.  Includes sections entitled Introduction, Prevention, Investigating, Evaluating, and Remediating Moisture and Mold Problems, Checklist for Mold Remediation, Resource List, References, Appendix A - Glossary, Appendix B - Introduction to Molds, and Appendix C - Communication with Building Occupants.  All available online in HTML format at http://www.epa.gov/iaq/molds/prevention.html or in PDF format at http://www.epa.gov/iaq /molds/images/moldremediation.pdf.

United States Office of the Federal Environmental Executive.  Website.  Comprehensive website includes information and links on green janitorial products and services including PowerPoint presentations and links to which state and local governments use green cleaners.  Available at http://www.ofee.gov/gp/greenjanitorial.html.

Western Regional Pollution Prevention Project.  Janitorial Products.  Website contains general and in-depth information on cleansers and chemicals commonly used in cleansers.  Includes fact sheets, commentaries and tools on the topic.  Available at http://www.wrppn.org/Janitorial/jp4.cfm. 

Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection (WDATCP).  2002.  A School's Guide to Dealing with Mold using Integrated Pest Management.  This 4-page document addresses mold in schools, a topic of concern to many school administrators.  Document available online at www.ipminstitute.org/pdf/arm-pub-100=Mold.pdf.  Contact Ms. Patricia Kandziora of WDATCP at 608/224-4547 or email for more information.    

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Mosquito Management

Beyond Pesticides.  2003.  "The Truth About Mosquitoes and West Nile Virus."  Four-page fact sheet includes information about the West Nile Virus, mosquitoes, pesticide spray programs, safer mosquito management strategies, and a list of communities that have adopted safer mosquito and West Nile Virus management programs. Available in Word format.

Brammer, Angela.  2002.  "Insect Repellents Provide Safe Relief With Proper Use."  PCT Magazine.  The article mentions types of repellents, safety guidelines and where to obtain additional information as well as providing a PDF version of the mosquito handout designed to be torn out of the magazine so that companies can reproduce it, stamp their company name and address on the top and distribute to customers.  The article and PDF handout is available at http://www.pctonline.com/articles/article.asp?MagID=1&ID=1638&IssueID=166

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  2003.    Webcast entitled Managing Rodents and Mosquitoes Through Integrated Pest Management.  Includes sections entitled Introduction, Managing Rodent Infections, Managing Mosquito Infestations, CDC's Promotion of IPM, Implementation of IPM in Marion County Indiana, and a question and answer session.  Available at http://www.phppo.cdc.gov/phtn/webcast/ipm/default.asp.

Dame, D.A. and T.R. Fasulo, eds., 2000. National Public Health Pest Control Manual. Chapter 3.  Mosquitoes. 18 pp.  Line drawings, identification, biology, monitoring, management of larval and adult stage mosquitoes.  Available at http://vector.ifas.ufl.edu/chapter_03.htm

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests of Home and Landscape. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.home.html

New Jersey Environmental Federation.  2003.  Protecting Our Homes, Our Schools, Our Children: Basic Steps to Indoor Pest Control Without Pesticides.  12-page document includes information on fleas, mosquitoes, rats and mice, ants and roaches. 

Maine Cooperative Extension.  2002.  Chpt. 11 Flies and Mosquitoes.  Pp. 88-93.  In Integrated Pest Management for Maine Schools.  Available in PDF format or for order at http://pmo.umext.maine.edu/patrain/Maine_School_IPM.pdf 

Mosquitoes. In The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual, T. Cacek, ed. Line drawings, identification, biology, management. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/biology/ipm/manual/mosquito.cfm

NYS Community IPM Program, 2000.  What's all the buzz about Mosquitoes? 2 pp.  Line art, description, biology, management, resources.  HTML in English: http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/mosquitobro/
In Spanish: http://nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/mosquitobro/default.asp?metatags_Action=Find('PID','6') PDF in English: http://nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/mosquitobro/files/mosquito.pdf

O’Neill, J., 1997. Chapter 18. Mosquitoes. Pp. 837-880. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

University of Florida. 2006. Bloodsucking Arthropods. A poster that illustrates 13 insects, three ticks, and a mite, all of which suck blood of humans and/or animals. Available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+418&Category_Code=HCPS

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Occasional Invader Management

Bellow, P., 1997. Chapter 22. Occasional invaders. Pp. 1021-1058. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Cacek, T., ed. The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual. Identification, biology, management of silverfish, spiders, ticks. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/biology/ipm/manual/ipmmanual.pdf (PDF)

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 13. IPM for scorpions in schools, pp. 103- 105; Chapter 14. IPM for silverfish, firebrats and booklice in schools, pp. 107-110. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, communication, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-13.pdf (PDF)

Dame, D.A. and T.R. Fasulo, eds., 2000. National Public Health Pest Control Manual. Chapter 5.  Mites and Ticks. 12 pp.  Line drawings, identification, biology, monitoring, management of 10 mite species, including chiggers, and nine tick species.  Available at http://vector.ifas.ufl.edu/chapter_05.htm

Edwards, G.B.  2002.  Venomous Spiders in Florida.  A website containing information about venomous spiders in Florida.  Available at http://www.doacs.state.fl.us/pi/enpp/ento/venomousspiders.html

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests of Home and Landscape. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.home.html

Hedges, S.A., and M.S. Lacey, 1995. Field Guide for the Management of Urban Spiders. 220 pp. Franzak & Foster Co., Cleveland, OH. Phone (216) 961-4130. Color, B&W photos, identification keys, biology, management.

Lacey, M.S., 1997. Chapter 19. Spiders. Pp. 883-913. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

St. Aubin, F. E., 1997. Chapter 20. Mites and ticks. Pp. 915-953. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management. Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Vetter, R. 2002. Spiders and Other Arachnids at UC-Riverside.  A website containing information about arachnids including spider myths, misdiagnoses, and information about Brown Recluse and Hobo spiders.  Available at http://spiders.ucr.edu/.

Vetter, R.  2002.  Brown Recluse and Other Recluse Spiders.  The University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program provides an in-depth website about the Brown Recluse and other Recluse spiders.  Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7468.html  

University of Florida. 2006. Occasional Invaders.
A poster of 14 yard- and home-invading creatures, from slugs to centipedes. Available at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+401&Category_Code=HCPS

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Rodent Management

Rodent Facts & Figures

- A mouse produces between 40 to 100 droppings per day.

- A rat produces between 20 to 50 droppings and ½ ounce of urine per day.

- Rats and mice spend about ½ hour each day gnawing on objects.

- Diseases spread by rodents have killed more than 10 million people over the last 100 years, but this number is declining dramatically due to advances in sanitation, antibiotics and rodent pest management.

- Pest management professionals are a high-risk group for hantavirus, a respiratory illness with a high mortality rate. Several species of rodents act as reservoirs for the disease, and special precautions are advised when handling rodents or working in areas previously or currently infested with rodents.

- Rodents benefit humankind by feeding on other pests, including cockroaches; serving as laboratory research animals; and providing a source of food for wild animals, birds and even humans in many cultures throughout the world.

- Source: Corrigan, 1997 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  2003.    Webcast entitled Managing Rodents and Mosquitoes Through Integrated Pest Management.  Includes sections entitled Introduction, Managing Rodent Infections, Managing Mosquito Infestations, CDC's Promotion of IPM, Implementation of IPM in Marion County Indiana, and a question and answer session.  Available at http://www.phppo.cdc.gov/phtn/
webcast/ipm/default.asp
.

Corrigan, R.M., 2002. Opening Lecture from 2002 Rodent Management Summit.  Audio file of Dr. Robert Corrigan's lecture on the natural history of the house mouse and how it affects that rodent's capabilities as a structural pest is below.  Needs "real player software" to access.  Available at http://www.pctonline.com/news/
news.asp?ID=1185
.

Corrigan, R. M., 1997. Chapter 1. Rats and mice. Pp. 11-105. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 12. IPM for rats and mice in schools. Pp. 87-102. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, biology, communication, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-12.pdf (PDF)

Dame, D.A. and T.R. Fasulo, eds., 2000. National Public Health Pest Control Manual. Chapter 8.  Vertebrate Pests. 23 pp.  Line drawings, identification, biology, monitoring, management of rodents, birds, bats, squirrels, chipmunks, others.  Available at http://vector.ifas.ufl.edu/chapter_08.htm

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Line drawings, identification, biology, monitoring, technical information on non-pesticidal products for rodent management. Available at  http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/rodents.html

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Rats and Mice.  Pp. 41-42.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and ways in which to inspect, monitor and manage rats and mice in schools.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

Illinois Pest Control Association, Illinois Department of Human Health, Structural Pest Control Advisory Council and University of Illinois Extension.  1999.  A Practical Guide to Management of Common Pests in School.  3-part guide designed to assist Illinois school officials.  Part One gives a definition of IPM.  Part Two includes five steps in how to build an IPM program.  Part Three provides pest-specific IPM practices for schools.  These pest-specific practices include cockroaches, pantry pests, ants, spiders, bees, termites, ants, mice and lice.  Available in PDF format at http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/pdf/schoolpests.pdf.  

New Jersey Environmental Federation.  2003.  Protecting Our Homes, Our Schools, Our Children: Basic Steps to Indoor Pest Control Without Pesticides.  12-page document includes information on fleas, mosquitoes, rats and mice, ants and roaches. 

Rats. In The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual, T. Cacek, ed. Identification, biology, management. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/biology/ipm/manual/rats.cfm

Stauffer et al., 1998. Rodents. Pp. 4-10 to 4-16. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools. Identification, biology, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/files/schoolwkbk.pdf

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Stinging Insect Management

Alen-Wardell, G., 1998. Yellowjackets. In The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual, T. Cacek, ed. Line drawings, identification, biology, management. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/biology/ipm/manual/yellowja.cfm

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 19. IPM for yellowjackets and hornets in schools. Pp. 145-152. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, communication, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-19.pdf

Dame, D.A. and T.R. Fasulo, eds., 2000. National Public Health Pest Control Manual. Chapter 7.  Venomous arthropods. 18 pp.  Line drawings, identification, biology, management of stinging bees and wasps, ants, spiders, centipedes, scorpions, urticating caterpillars plus medical issues and basic first aid.  Available at http://vector.ifas.ufl.edu/chapter_07.htm

Fire ants. In The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual, T. Cacek, ed. Line drawings, identification, biology, management. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/biology/ipm/manual/fireants.cfm

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests of Home and Landscape. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.home.html

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Bees, Wasps, and Hornets.  Pp. 23-27.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and description of how to manage bees, wasps and hornets on school grounds.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

Illinois Pest Control Association, Illinois Department of Human Health, Structural Pest Control Advisory Council and University of Illinois Extension.  1999.  A Practical Guide to Management of Common Pests in School.  3-part guide designed to assist Illinois school officials.  Part One gives a definition of IPM.  Part Two includes five steps in how to build an IPM program.  Part Three provides pest-specific IPM practices for schools.  These pest-specific practices include cockroaches, pantry pests, ants, spiders, bees, termites, ants, mice and lice.  Available in PDF format at http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/pdf/schoolpests.pdf  

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Downloadable presentation (html, Acrobat, or Powerpoint) on fire ant IPM, technical information on non-pesticidal products for stinging insect management. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/doc/fireant.pdf (PDF)

Maine Cooperative Extension.  2002.  Chpt. 10. Wasps and Bees. Pp. 82-87.  In Integrated Pest Management for Maine Schools.  Available in PDF format or for order at http://pmo.umext.maine.edu/patrain/Maine_School_IPM.pdf 

Stauffer et al., 1998. Bees and wasps. Pp. 4-17 to 4-20. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools.  Biology, identification, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/files/schoolwkbk.pdf

Wegner, G.S., 1997. Chapter 13. Bees and wasps. Pp. 591-632. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

University of Florida. 2006. Biting and Stinging Arthropods. A poster that illustrates 13 painful pests including scorpions, spiders and bees. Available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+406&Category_Code=HCPS

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Stored Product Pest Management

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 7. IPM for clothes moths and carpet beetles in schools. Pp. 49-55. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/schoolipm/chap-7.pdf (PDF)

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests of Home and Landscape. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.home.html

Granovsky, T. A., 1997. Chapter 14. Stored product pests. Pp. 635-728. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification key, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Hedges, S.A. and M.L. Lacey, 1996. Field Guide for the Management of Structure-Infesting Beetles. Volume I. Hide and Carpet Beetles/Wood-Boring Beetles. 196 pp.  Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from  Amazon.com

Hedges, S. A., and M.L. Lacey. 1996. Field Guide for the Management of Structure-Infesting Beetles. Volume II. Stored Product Beetles/Occasional & Overwintering Beetles. 212 pp.  Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Hinderer, C. L., 1997. Chapter 11. Hide & carpet beetles. Pp. 465-500. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Hollingsworth et al., 2002. Pantry or Stored-Product Pests.  Pp. 38-40.  In Integrated Pest Management for Northeast Schools.  Photos, descriptions and ways in which to manage pantry or stored-product pests in schools.  Available from NRAES, Cooperative Extension, 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-5701.  For more information, contact NRAES by phone at 607-255-7654 or fax at 607-254-8770 or email.

Illinois Pest Control Association, Illinois Department of Human Health, Structural Pest Control Advisory Council and University of Illinois Extension.  1999.  A Practical Guide to Management of Common Pests in School.  3-part guide designed to assist Illinois school officials.  Part One gives a definition of IPM.  Part Two includes five steps in how to build an IPM program.  Part Three provides pest-specific IPM practices for schools.  These pest-specific practices include cockroaches, pantry pests, ants, spiders, bees, termites, ants, mice and lice.  Available in PDF format at http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/pdf/schoolpests.pdf

Katz, H. L., 1997. Chapter 10. Clothes moths. Pp. 427-462. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from Amazon.com

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Downloadable presentation (html, Acrobat, or Powerpoint) on fire ant IPM, technical information on non-pesticidal products for stored product pest management. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/household.html

University of Florida. 2006. Stored Food Beetles. A poster that details 15 beetles organized by type of food they infest, such as grains or vegetables; also includes larvae photos. Available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+405&Category_Code=HCPS

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Wood-Damaging Pest Management

There was an old woman who swallowed a fly...

During an inspection of a school facility, occupants mentioned problems with flies. The inspector found Green Bottle Flies caught on glue boards behind a water fountain.

Next to the flies on the glue boards were several expired mice. Green Bottle Flies lay their eggs in the carcasses of dead animals, and had been attracted by the unfortunate rodents.

Further inspection revealed that the mice were entering the building through a hole in the bottom of a wooden doorway. The hole was the result of wood-damaging fungi invading the wooden sill.

It was raining at the time of the inspection, and water was pouring out a hole in a downspout, and splashing onto the steps and up onto the door sill.

The failure to inspect and maintain the drain pipe was thus responsible for the wet wood, which invited wood-rotting fungi, which softened the wood, which let the mice gnaw the hole in the door sill, that let in the mice that died on the glue board and attracted the flies, that caught the attention of the school's occupants…

- Courtesy of Don Rivard, 
Rivard's Resources: IPM, Waltham MA

Daar et al., 1997. Chapter 5. IPM for ants in schools. Pp. 27-34. In IPM for Schools: A How-to Manual. Line drawings, identification, communication, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ipm/
schoolipm/chap-5.pdf

Flint, M.L., ed., 2000. Pests of Home and Landscape. University of California Statewide IPM Project. Color images, description, biology and management. Available at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/ selectnewpest.home.html

Hedges, S. A., 1997. Chapter 12. Ants. Pp. 503-589. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Hedges, S.A. and M.L. Lacey, 1996. Field Guide for the Management of Structure-Infesting Beetles. Volume I. Hide and Carpet Beetles/Wood-Boring Beetles. 196 pp. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification keys, biology, management. Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Koehler et al., 1999. School IPM Web Site. University of Florida. Information on selecting and using baits for termite management. Available at http://schoolipm.ifas.ufl.edu/household.html

Kramer, R. D., 1997. Chapter 8. Wood-boring beetles. Pp. 357-391. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Potter, M. F., 1997. Chapter 6. Termites. Pp. 233-332. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. Color photos, B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Rambo, G. W., 1997. Chapter 17. Fungi: molds, mildews and rots. Pp. 335-355. In Handbook of Pest Control, A. Mallis, ed. B&W photos, line drawings, identification, biology, management.  Available from GIE Media, (800) 456-0707 or from Amazon.com

Stauffer et al., 1998. Ants. Pp. 4-21 to 4-27. In IPM Workbook for New York State Schools. Biology, identification, monitoring, management. Available at http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/school_wkbk/files/schoolwkbk.pdf (PDF)

University of Florida. 2006. Wood Destroying Insects. A poster detailing nine insects that damage wood including beetle, bee, ant and termite specimens. Also has gallery, frass and exit-hole photos. Available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+403&Category_Code=HCPS

University of Florida. 2006. Common Termites in Structures. A poster that shows four different termite alate and soldier castes, wood damage, and feces. Available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+412&Category_Code=HCPS

University of Florida. 2006. Simplified Key to the Termites of Florida- both soldier caste and winged reproductives. Two posters- the first shows distinguishing characteristics among 16 species of termite soldiers and the second shows differences among 16 species of termite wings.  The first is available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+413&Category_Code=HCPS
The second is available for sale at http://ifasbooks.ufl.edu/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=IFASBOOKS&Product_Code=SP+414&Category_Code=HCPS

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