The revised field identification sheet for grubs from the Michigan State University Extension, Department of Entomology will assist in identification and gives information about typical crops or situations affected by different species.
In summary, at this time of the year:
- Lighter-textured fields and parts of fields (e.g., sandy knolls) often are a focal point for grubs and their damage compared to other locations.
- Very large grubs (size of a quarter) are almost certainly June beetle. Because of their multi-year lifespan, they may feed one more year before pupating.
- Grub damage to winter wheat is almost always caused by European chafer in central Michigan. This species will pupate in the next month, so damage to the wheat stand will end.
- Asiatic garden beetle is the easiest species to identify by sight based on a white “bulb” on its mouthparts. To date, Asiatic garden beetle as a pest is limited to the southern two tiers of counties bordering Indiana and Ohio. Thus far, the grubs have appeared to be second instar, meaning they have one more growth stage to go. This lengthy feeding period may be why they are so troublesome in corn.
- If a field is known to be infested, options are limited and there are no rescue treatments available. In winter wheat: nothing to be done now; chafers will stop feeding and pupate in a month. In soybean: seed treatments have little impact; delay planting as long as practical to avoid as much feeding as possible before grubs pupate. In corn: a high rate of seed treatment or a soil insecticide can help, but heavy grub populations eat through insecticide barriers; tillage can also help, but tilled fields may still have grub problems; as in soy, delaying corn planting can reduce the feeding window open to grubs.