Guiding Principles

These principles form the basis for the IPM STAR program. Our evaluation standards form for schools and childcare facilities is designed to assess compliance with these principles.


Knowledge. IPM STAR participants understand IPM principles and practices. They can identify important pests and describe life cycles, habits and conditions that affect populations of those pests.

Monitoring and inspection. IPM STAR participants use monitoring and inspection to stay fully informed about pest populations and conditions that can lead to pest problems.

Action only when necessary. IPM STAR participants supplement their experience with monitoring and inspection to determine when to act against pests. Routine application of pesticides is not IPM.

Documented performance. IPM STAR participants record monitoring and inspection results. They document their performance and justify pesticide applications.

Least-toxic options. IPM STAR participants use non-chemical approaches as the first line of defense against pests. IPM STAR participants evaluate all pest management options for risks to health, the environment and beneficial organisms.

Effective pest management. IPM STAR participants solve pest problems including insects, weeds, vertebrates and microbes with effective, long-term strategies. Structural design and maintenance issues that contribute to pest problems are addressed, where appropriate.

Continuous improvement. IPM STAR participants prepare for changes in pests and IPM techniques, recognizing that improvement involves staying abreast of new technologies and concepts.

Communication and outreach. IPM STAR participants communicate the IPM approach to others. They abide by posting and notification requirements for pesticide applications.

Reduction in health and environmental risk is the bottom line. High priority risks are identified and targeted for reduction.

< Back to Projects